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Wer reitet so spät durch Nacht und Wind?

Language: German (Deutsch)

Wer reitet so spät durch Nacht und Wind?
Es ist der Vater mit seinem Kind;
Er [hat]1 den Knaben wohl in dem Arm,
Er [faßt]1 ihn sicher, er hält ihn warm.
 
Mein Sohn, was birgst du so [bang]2 dein Gesicht? -
Siehst, Vater, du den Erlkönig nicht?
Den Erlenkönig mit Kron' und Schweif?
Mein Sohn, es ist ein Nebelstreif. -
 
»Du liebes Kind, komm, geh mit mir!
Gar schöne Spiele spiel' ich mit dir;
[Manch' bunte Blumen sind an dem Strand]3;
[Meine]4 Mutter hat manch' [gülden]5 Gewand.«
 
Mein Vater, mein Vater, und [hörest]6 du nicht,
Was Erlenkönig mir [leise]7 verspricht? -
Sey ruhig, bleibe ruhig, mein Kind;
In dürren Blättern säuselt der Wind. -
 
»Willst, feiner Knabe, du mit mir gehn?
Meine Töchter sollen dich warten schön;
Meine Töchter führen den nächtlichen Reihn,
Und [wiegen und tanzen und singen]8 dich ein.«
 
Mein Vater, mein Vater, und siehst du nicht dort
Erlkönigs Töchter am [düstern Ort]9? -
Mein Sohn, mein Sohn, ich seh' es genau;
Es scheinen die alten Weiden so grau. -
 
»[Ich liebe dich, mich reizt deine schöne Gestalt]10;
Und bist du nicht willig, so brauch' ich Gewalt.« -
Mein Vater, mein Vater, jetzt faßt er mich an!
Erlkönig hat mir ein [Leids]11 gethan! -
 
Dem Vater grauset's, er reitet geschwind,
Er hält [in Armen]12 das ächzende Kind,
Erreicht den Hof mit [Mühe]13 und Noth;
In seinen Armen das Kind war todt.


Translation(s): CAT DUT ENG ENG ENG ENG ENG ENG FIN FRE FRE ITA ITA

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Confirmed with Goethe's Werke, Vollständige Ausgabe letzter Hand, Erster Band, Stuttgart und Tübingen, in der J.G.Cottaschen Buchhandlung, 1827, pages 183-184; and with Goethe's Schriften, Achter Band, Leipzig, bey Georg Joachim Göschen, 1789, pages 157-158.

First published in 1782 in Goethe's Singspiel "Die Fischerin" in the introductory scene (Dortchen's song).

1 Spohr: "hält"
2 Spohr: "scheu"
3 Harder: "Manch bunte Blumen stehn an dem Strand"; Spohr: "Viel bunte Blumen sind am Strand"
4 Spohr: "Mein' "
5 Spohr: "güldnes"
6 Spohr: "hörst"
7 Spohr: "heimlich"
8 Harder: "singen und tanzen und spielen"
9 Harder: "düstern Port"; Spohr und Hille: "düsteren Ort"
10 Harder: "Ich lieb' dich, mich reizt dein' schöne Gestalt"
11 Harder: "Leides"
12 Reissiger: "in den Armen", Spohr: "im Arme"
13 Schubert: "Müh'"

Submitted by Ofer Sheinberg and Peter Rastl

Authorship

Musical settings (art songs, Lieder, mélodies, (etc.), choral pieces, and other vocal works set to this text), listed by composer (not necessarily exhaustive)

Settings in other languages, adaptations, or excerpts:

Other available translations, adaptations or excerpts, and transliterations (if applicable):

  • CAT Catalan (Català) (Salvador Pila) , copyright © 2017, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • DUT Dutch (Nederlands) [singable] (Lau Kanen) , "Erlkoning", copyright © 2005, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • ENG English (Walter Meyer) , "Who's riding so late through night, so wild?", copyright © 1995, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • ENG English (Knut W. Barde) , "The Elfking", copyright © 1998, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • ENG English (Walter Scott, Sir) , "The Erl-King"
  • ENG English (Uri Liebrecht) , copyright © 2016, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • FIN Finnish (Suomi) (Erkki Pullinen) , copyright © 2009, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • FRE French (Français) (Pierre Mathé) , "Le roi des aulnes", copyright © 2009, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • GER German (Deutsch) [singable] (Walter A. Aue) , "Elf-King", copyright © 2010, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • ITA Italian (Italiano) (Ferdinando Albeggiani) , "Il re degli elfi", copyright © 2005, (re)printed on this website with kind permission
  • ITA Italian (Italiano) (Amelia Maria Imbarrato) , "Il Re degli Elfi", copyright © 2006, (re)printed on this website with kind permission


Text added to the website between May 1995 and September 2003.

Last modified: 2017-07-04 02:34:00
Line count: 32
Word count: 233

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Il re degli elfi

Language: Italian (Italiano) after the German (Deutsch)

Chi affronta il vento nella notte oscura?
E' un padre a cavallo con la sua creatura;
Fra le sue braccia lo tiene stretto,
Il bimbo è al sicuro, dal freddo protetto.  

Cos'hai, figlio mio, perché stai tremando?
"Non vedi, papà, chi si sta avvicinando?
E' il re degli [elfi]1  con corona e con manto."
"Sta calmo, figliolo, è nebbia soltanto."

"Mio caro bimbetto su vieni con me!
Oh quanti bei giochi farò io con te;
Oh quanti bei fiori sulla riva ci sono,
Mia madre è vestita d'un abito d'oro."

"Papà, papà mio! non riesci ad udire,
del re degli elfi lo strano parlare?"
"Sta' calmo, tranquillo, non avere paura,
Fra foglie cadute il vento sussurra."

"Mio caro bimbetto, su vieni con me,
Le mie belle figlie avran cura di te;
Le mie belle figlie che a notte soltanto
Ameranno cullarti con danze e con canto."

"Papà, papà mio! Non riesci a vedere
Le figlie del re fra le piante oscure?"
"Figliolo mio caro, io vedo soltanto
Le fronde dei salici agitate dal vento."

"Ti voglio, mi piace la tua bella presenza;
E se ti rifiuti ti prenderò con violenza."
"Papà, papà mio, già forte mi ha stretto!
Il re degli elfi mi soffoca il petto!"

Ha orrore il padre, più forte cavalca,
Al figlio che soffre più stretto si abbraccia,
Raggiunge il palazzo con fatica e con sforzo:
Nelle sue braccia il bambino è ormai morto.


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1 Translator's note: "elfi" can be replaced with "ontani" throughout. The former is more literal, but the latter is better for metrical reasons.

Authorship

  • Translation from German (Deutsch) to Italian (Italiano) copyright © 2005 by Ferdinando Albeggiani, (re)printed on this website with kind permission. To reprint and distribute this author's work for concert programs, CD booklets, etc., you may ask the copyright-holder(s) directly or ask us; we are authorized to grant permission on their behalf. Please provide the translator's name when contacting us.

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Based on
  • a text in German (Deutsch) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832), "Erlkönig", written 1782, first published 1782 CAT DUT ENG ENG ENG ENG FIN FRE FRE GER ENG ENG
      • This text was set to music by the following composer(s): Gottlob Bachmann, Ludwig Berger, Carl Blum, Carl Czerny, Max Eberwein, August Engelberg, Karl Feye, August Harder, Johannes Hille, Anselm Hüttenbrenner, Bernhard Klein, Otto Klemperer, Huub de Lange, Tapani Länsiö, Johann Karl Gottfried Loewe, Otto Ludwig, Émile Louis Victor Mathieu, Emilie Mayer, Friedrich Methfessel, Carl Borromäus von Miltitz, Anne Sheppard Mounsey, Johann Friedrich Reichardt, Karl Gottlieb Reissiger, Andreas Jakob Romberg, Louis Schlottmann, Julius Schneider, Corona Elisabeth Wilhelmine Schröter, Franz Peter Schubert, Louis [Ludwig] Spohr, Václav Jan Křtitel Tomášek, Karl Friedrich Zelter. Go to the text.

 

Text added to the website: 2005-10-16.
Last modified: 2014-06-16 10:02:15
Line count: 32
Word count: 237